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vue项目中canvas实现截图功能

Vue.js 2022-09-01 07:09:56 1174

本文实例为大家分享了vue项目中canvas实现截图功能的具体代码,供大家参考,具体内容如下

实现效果:

整理一下最近在vue项目中做的一个截图功能(只能够截取图片),即用鼠标在画布上进行框选截取。

思路大概如下:做一个弹窗,打开弹窗的时候传入要截的图,接下来在这个窗口里面,点击截图按钮,开始截图,点击取消按钮,取消截图。

窗口里面的html主要是三个部分,一个是可截图区域,一个是截取图片的回显,一个是操作按钮(截图按钮和取消截图按钮)。

部分html:

<!--截图区域-->
<div id="clip-img-w" class="img_box">
  <canvas id="drawcanvas"></canvas>
  <canvas id="clipcanvas"></canvas>
  <img id="img_big" :src="imgSrc">
</div>
<!--回显区域-->
<div class="img_group_item">
  <img id="img" :src="cutImgSrc">
</div>
<!--操作按钮-->
<div class="btn_box" align="center">
  <span class="btn_cut" @click="cut()"></span>
  <span v-if="draw" class="btn_cut_cancel" @click="cancelCut()"></span>
</div>

用到的data:

data() {
  return {
   // 储存截图区域的图片,自己传
    imgSrc: '',
    // 储存截图后的生成的base64图片
    cutImgSrc: '',
    // 判断当前是否处于截图状态
    draw: false
  };
},

截图:

cut(){
  var thiz = this;
  thiz.draw = true; //显示“取消截图”的按钮
  var img = document.getElementById("img");

  var wrap = document.getElementById("clip-img-w");
  var width = wrap.offsetWidth;
  var height = wrap.offsetHeight;

  var clipcanvas = document.getElementById("clipcanvas");
  var drawcanvas = document.getElementById("drawcanvas");
  clipcanvas.width = width;
  clipcanvas.height = height;
  drawcanvas.width = width;
  drawcanvas.height = height;

  var clipCtx = drawcanvas.getContext("2d");
  var clipImg = document.createElement("img");
  clipImg.classList.add('img_anonymous');
  clipImg.crossOrigin = "anonymous";
  clipImg.src = thiz.imgSrc;
  var timg = clipImg.cloneNode();
  wrap.appendChild(clipImg);
  clipImg.onload = function(){
    var x = Math.floor((width - this.width)/2);
    var y = Math.floor((height - this.height)/2);
    clipCtx.drawImage(this,0,0,timg.width,timg.height,x,y,this.width,this.height);
  };

  var ctx = clipcanvas.getContext("2d");
  ctx.fillStyle = 'rgba(0,0,0,0.6)';
  ctx.strokeStyle="rgba(0,143,255,1)";
  var start = null;
  var clipArea = {};//裁剪范围

  clipcanvas.onmousedown = function(e){
    start = {
      x:e.offsetX,
      y:e.offsetY
    };
  };
  clipcanvas.onmousemove = function(e){
    if(start){
      fill(start.x,start.y,e.offsetX-start.x,e.offsetY-start.y)
    }
  };
  document.addEventListener("mouseup",function(){
    if(start){
      start = null;
      var url = startClip(clipArea);
      img.src= url;
      //生成base64格式的图
      thiz.cutImgSrc = url;
    }
  });
  function fill(x,y,w,h){
    ctx.clearRect(0,0,width,height);
    ctx.beginPath();
    //遮罩层
    ctx.globalCompositeOperation = "source-over";
    ctx.fillRect(0,0,width,height);
    //画框
    ctx.globalCompositeOperation = 'destination-out';
    ctx.fillRect(x,y,w,h);
    //描边
    ctx.globalCompositeOperation = "source-over";
    ctx.moveTo(x,y);
    ctx.lineTo(x+w,y);
    ctx.lineTo(x+w,y+h);
    ctx.lineTo(x,y+h);
    ctx.lineTo(x,y);
    ctx.stroke();
    ctx.closePath();
    clipArea = {
      x,
      y,
      w,
      h
    };
  }
  function startClip(area){
    var canvas = document.createElement("canvas");
    canvas.width = area.w;
    canvas.height = area.h;

    var data = clipCtx.getImageData(area.x,area.y,area.w,area.h);

    var context = canvas.getContext("2d");
    context.putImageData(data,0,0);
    return canvas.toDataURL("image/png",1);
  }
},

取消截图or初始化:

/**
* 取消截图
*/
cancelCut(){
  this.draw = false;
  this.init();
},
/**
* 打开弹窗的时候初始化
*/
init(){
  // canvas清空画布
  var wrap = document.getElementById("clip-img-w");
  var width = wrap.offsetWidth;
  var height = wrap.offsetHeight;
  var clipcanvas = document.getElementById("clipcanvas");
  var drawcanvas = document.getElementById("drawcanvas");
  clipcanvas.width = width;
  clipcanvas.height = height;
  drawcanvas.width = width;
  drawcanvas.height = height;
  var clipCtx = drawcanvas.getContext("2d");
  var ctx = clipcanvas.getContext("2d");
  clipCtx.clearRect(0,0,drawcanvas.width,drawcanvas.height);
  ctx.clearRect(0,0,clipcanvas.width,clipcanvas.height);

  //移除鼠标事件
  clipcanvas.onmousedown = null;
  clipcanvas.onmousemove = null;
  document.removeEventListener("mouseup",fn(),false);
  function fn(){}

  // 移除创建的img节点,避免重复创建
  if($('.img_anonymous').length>0){
    $('.img_anonymous').remove();
  }

  //避免同一张图没有更新
  this.cutImgSrc = this.imgSrc;
},

部分CSS样式:

//less
//截图区域
>.img_box{
 width: 700px;
 height: 450px;
 position:relative;
 >canvas{
   width: 100%;
   height: 100%;
   position: absolute;
   left: 0;
   top: 0;
   &#clipcanvas{
     z-index: 2;
   }
   &#drawcanvas{
     z-index: 1;
   }
 }
 //图片居中显示
 img{
   display: block;
   position: absolute;
   top: 50%;
   left: 50%;
   transform: translate(-50%, -50%);
   max-width: 100%;
   max-height: 100%;
 }
}

//回显区域
>.img_group_item{
  width: 250px;
  height: 250px;
  position: relative;
  margin: 0 auto;
  //图片居中显示
  img{
    position: absolute;
    left: 50%;
    top: 50%;
    transform: translate(-50%, -50%);
    max-width: 100%;
    max-height: 100%;
  }
}

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持。

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